FANDOM


Fall of JerusalemEdit

The Hebrew Bible contains a rather consistent timeline of a 20 year period from the reign of Jehoiakim to the fall of Jerusalem. However, modern scholarship ignores the Bible timeline. Rather, they make the assumption that all of the events that led up to the fall of Jerusalem, more or less, occurred around a one year period. There is a consensus of modern historians who claim that the battle of Nebuchadnezzar and Pharaoh Necho, Nebuchadnezzar's assumption of the throne to Babylon, and the rise and fall of three Judean Kings, including their vassalage mandates, had all occurred around 605 BCE. This is in complete contrast to multiple Hebrew Bible records that give a 20 year time span, as supported in the books of Kings, Chronicles, Isaiah and Jeremiah.


Event Bible-based dating scheme Hebrew Bible details Historian consensus Historian placements
Jehoiakim begins rule of Judah628 BCE 2 Kin. 23:36; 2 Chr. 36:5 —Jehoiakim was 25 years old when he became king, and he reigned for 11 years in Jerusalem 608 BCE
Jerusalem becomes a Vassal state to Babylon625 BCE Daniel 1:1—In the third year of the kingship of King Jehoiakim of Judah, King[1] Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it; 2 Kings 24:1—In Jehoiakim’s days King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against him, and Jehoiakim became his servant [2]605 BCE
Battle of Carchemish 625 BCE Jeremiah 46:2— In the fourth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah, king of Judah; cf Jeremiah 36:1≈ Jul/Aug 605 BCE
Nebuchadnezzar begins rule of Babylon 624 BCE Jeremiah 25:1—The word that came to Jeremiah... in the fourth year of Jehoiakim..., which was the first year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. ≈ Aug/Sep 605 BCE Nebuchadnezzar assumes the throne after the death of his father, Nabopolassar who died possibly during the fall of Ninevah, in August.
Jehoiakim's rule ends 617 BCE 2 Kings 23:36—Jehoiakim reigned for 11 years in Jerusalem
Jehoiachin (Jehoahaz) begins rule, then surrenders to Babylon 617 BCE 605 BCE
Zedekiah made king 617 BCE conflicted 606 BCE (per Albright); 597 BCE (per Thiele)
Ezekiel's vision of idolatry 612 BCE Eze 8:1-17 605 BCE
Zedekiah rebells 609 BCE 605 BCE
Babylonian armies seize Jerusalem; Build entrapping wall 609 BCE 605 BCE
Fall of Jerusalem 607 BCE Nebuchadnezzar seizes Jerusalem in his 19th year of rule 605 BCE
Zedekiah killed 607/606 BCE Jeremiah 1:3—until the completion of the 11th year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, the king of Judah, until Jerusalem went into exile in the fifth month.
Cyrus's edict 538 BCE 70 years until Jews are released from exile 538 BCE -----
Jews released from exile 537 BCE

ReferencesEdit

  1. "King" used here, most likely as an Anachronism.
  2. probably en route to battle Pharaoh Necho at Carchemish