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High PriestEdit

Paul makes it clear that Jesus receives the honor of High Priest, in the manner of Melchizedek, by God.

Hebrews chapter 5

[1] For every high priest taken from among men is appointed in their behalf over the things relating to God, so that he may offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. [2] He is able to deal compassionately with the ignorant and erring ones, since he too is confronted with his own weakness, [3] and because of that he must make offerings for his own sins just as he does for those of the people.

[4] A man does not take this honor of his own accord, but he receives it only when he is called by God, just as Aaron was. [5] So, too, the Christ did not glorify himself by becoming a high priest, but was glorified by the One who said to him: “You are my son; today I have become your father.” [6] As he also says in another place, “You are a priest forever in the manner of Melchizedek.”

[7] During his life on earth, Christ offered up supplications and also petitions, with strong outcries and tears, to the One who was able to save him out of death, and he was favorably heard for his godly fear. [8] Although he was a son, he learned obedience from the things he suffered. [9] And after he had been made perfect, he became responsible for everlasting salvation to all those obeying him, [10] because he has been designated by God a high priest in the manner of Melchizedek.

Manner of MelchizedekEdit

Christians Ask: Who is Melchizedek?

Melchizedek (Mel·chiz′e·dek) was directly appointed by Jehovah to be “priest of the Most High God”. He is the only one mentioned in the Hebrew Scriptures who served as both king and priest.

Paul explains Jesus role as High Priest by making comparisons to the High Priest Melchizedek.

Hebrews chapter 7

Priest for all timeEdit

[1] For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, [2] and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name is translated “King of Righteousness,” and then also king of Salem, that is, “King of Peace.” [3] In being fatherless, motherless, without genealogy, having neither a beginning of days nor an end of life, but being made like the Son of God, he remains a priest for all time. (Hebrews 7:1-3)

Greatness of MelchizedekEdit

[4] See how great this man was to whom Abraham, the family head, gave a tenth out of the best spoils. [5] True, according to the Law, those of the sons of Levi who receive their priestly office have a commandment to collect tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers, even though these are descendants of Abraham. [6] But this man who did not trace his genealogy from them took tithes from Abraham and blessed the one who had the promises. [7] Now it is undeniable that the lesser one is blessed by the greater. [8] And in the one case, it is men who are dying who receive tithes, but in the other case, it is someone of whom witness is given that he lives. [9] And it could be said that even Levi, who receives tithes, has paid tithes through Abraham, [10] for he was still a future descendant of his forefather when Melchizedek met him. (Hebrews 7:4-10)

Priest not of IsraelEdit

[11] If, then, perfection was attainable through the Levitical priesthood (for it was a feature of the Law that was given to the people), what further need would there be for another priest to arise who is said to be in the manner of Melchizedek and not in the manner of Aaron? [12] For since the priesthood is being changed, it becomes necessary to change the Law as well. [13] For the man about whom these things are said came from another tribe, from which no one has officiated at the altar. [14] For it is clear that our Lord has descended from Judah, yet Moses said nothing about priests coming from that tribe. [15] And this becomes even clearer when another priest arises who is like Melchizedek, [16] who has become such, not by the legal requirement that depends on fleshly descent, but by the power of an indestructible life. [17] For it is said in witness of him: “You are a priest forever in the manner of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 7:11-17)

Guarantor of a better covenantEdit

See: New Covenant Narratives

[18] So, then, the former commandment is set aside because it is weak and ineffective. [19] For the Law made nothing perfect, but the introduction of a better hope did, through which we are drawing near to God. [20] Also, inasmuch as this was not done without an oath being sworn [21] (for, indeed, there are men who have become priests without a sworn oath, but this one has become so through an oath sworn respecting him by the One who said: “Jehovah has sworn, and he will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever’”), [22] Jesus has accordingly become the guarantee of a better covenant. (Hebrews 7:18-21)

Sacrificed once for all timeEdit

[23] Furthermore, many had to become priests in succession because death prevented them from continuing as such, 24 but because he continues alive forever, his priesthood has no successors. 25 So he is able also to save completely those who are approaching God through him, because he is always alive to plead for them. [26] For it is fitting for us to have such a high priest who is loyal, innocent, undefiled, separated from the sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike those high priests, he does not need to offer up sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, because he did this once for all time when he offered himself up. 28 For the Law appoints as high priests men who have weaknesses, but the word of the oath sworn after the Law appoints a son, who has been made perfect forever.

High Priest ProphesiedEdit

Jehovah declared to my Lord::“Sit at my right hand
Until I place your enemies as a stool for your feet.”
Jehovah will extend the scepter of your power out of Zion, saying:
“Go subduing in the midst of your enemies.”
Your people will offer themselves willingly on the day of your military force.
In splendid holiness, from the womb of the dawn,
You have your company of young men just like dewdrops.
Jehovah has sworn an oath, and he will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever
In the manner of Melchizedek!”
Jehovah will be at your right hand;
He will crush kings on the day of his anger.
He will execute judgment against the nations;
He will fill the land with dead bodies.
He will crush the leader of a vast land.
He will drink from the stream along the road.
Therefore, he will hold his head high.
- A melody of King David; A revelation of the Christ (Psalm chapter 110)